HERZEGOVINA & CROATIAN ISLANDS - 12 DAY GUIDED TOUR ITINERARY
DAY 7 - Herzegovina - Spectacular Sand Martin Colony, Kravica Waterfalls
Croatia - Biokovo Mountain Nature Park, Island of Vis
Before we go to Kravice Waterfalls and onwards to Croatia, our first stop will be just outside of Mostar at privately owned quary. There you will find one of the largest Sand Martin colonies in Europe, if not in the world.
At least 5000 pairs breeds here at just one place - a truly spectacular sight. Around 300 pairs of Bee-eaters also breeds here as well as 5 pairs of Little Owl.
Next stop is Kravica Waterfalls. The waterfalls have sliced out a natural amphitheater spanning nearly 120 meters as the river splits into more than a dozen separate 28m high waterfalls cascading into the emerald lake below.. In spring, this gorgeous mini-Niagara pounds itself into a dramatic, steamy fury.
The waterfall was formed as a result of tectonic movement and the upheaval of the limestone plateau on which Trebizat, the river that feeds the waterfalls, flows.
We leave Kravica Waterfalls, cross the border to Croatia and drive for 1 hour and 20 minutes to Biokovo Nature Park, right on the Adriatic coast.
The locals call the Biokovo massif a giant with "its roots in the sea and head between lightning bolts." It really lives up to this name, and Nature Park Biokovo is there to protect this enormous mountain.
Biokovo is a long and thin mountain massif that grows vertically from the Makarska Riviera. The mountain is a natural border between the continental and Mediterranean climates. It stretches from northwest to southeast, in line with the rest of the Dinaric Alps.
The total flora of Biokovo includes over 1,400 species. The abundance of the plant world in such a relatively small area is conditioned by the biogeographical position, geomorphological characteristics, ecological peculiarities and human involvement, as well as the metamorphoses from the geological history.
Karstification formed the mountain’s terrain. This process occurs when limestone dissolves in slightly acidic rainwater. The limestone rocks that make up Biokovo consist of calcium carbonate and calcium sulfate. Water slowly dissolves these compounds, creating the caves and other landscape features that we see to this day.
Biokovo, just like the rest of the Dinaric Alps, was formed when the African and European tectonic plates collided. The rocks found in the range formed at the bottom of the ancient Tethys Ocean, alongside the rocks found in much of the rest of the mountain ranges in the southern part of Europe.
Biokovo mountain terrain.
A view from Skywalk. Nearby islands Hvar and Brač can be seen.
We will drive down to beautiful village of Brela. A short stop to have lunch at small restaurant owned by my good friend Milka. I have been comingf there for more than 20 years and she will take good care of us.
After lunch we will enjoy a little walk by crystal clear sea surrounded by pine trees.
Brela is a charming little village on Croatia’s Adriatic coast roughly midway between Split and Makarska. With the backdrop of the Biokovo mountains and lapped by the crystal clear azure waters of the Adriatic this largely unspoilt stretch of coast is quite stunning.
A tiny island with a few tenacious pine trees clinging to it, this iconic rock is considered a symbol of the village.
Some of the best beaches on Adriatic are located here in Brela.
After having lunch in Brela we will drive for one hour to Split port in order to board ferry to island of Vis. The journey will take 2 hours and 20 minutes
Ferry is named after Renaissance Croatian poet. "Petar Hektorović"
Petar Hektorović, (born 1487, Starigrad, Hvar island, Dalmatia, republic of Venice, now in Croatia — died March 13, 1572, Starigrad), poet and collector of Dalmatian songs, an important figure in the Ragusan (Dubrovnik) Renaissance in South Slavic literature.
An aristocratic landowner, Hektorović: was impressed by the Italian humanist adaptation of classical forms for vernacular literature. Although he wrote Italian and Latin verse and translated Ovid, his chief work is written in the Croatian language. Titled Ribanje i ribarsko prigovaranje (written in 1555 and published in 1568; "Fishing and Fishermen’s Talk"), it is a pastoral and philosophic narrative poem. Hektorović:, who witnessed two peasant uprisings against the nobility, described in this epistle to a fellow nobleman-writer his own socializing with common folk during his fishing trip. In keeping with the conventions of the didactic eclogue genre, Hektorović: idealized commoners, but he ultimately portrayed fishermen as his equals, indirectly calling for a more democratic society. He also recognized the beauty of the region’s oral poetry and was the first Croatian writer to record in his own work lyric and epic folk poems, together with their melodies as he had heard his companions render them.
View from the ferry on the way to island of Vis.
Aerial view of Vis Island. We will spend 2 nights in Komiza village